the-six-eyed-violin-spidersViolin Spiders, Loxosceles sp, are normally brown to reddish brown in colour with dark markings on their bodies, and a characteristic violin-shaped marking on the cephalthorax, although this violin shaped marking is not as distinct on our South African species. A second identifying characteristic of the Violin Spider is the presence of only three pairs of eyes, whereas most spiders have four pairs of eyes.

Violin Spiders are nocturnal wanderers which rest in their webs by day. Webs, if they are present, are rudimentary in most species and the silk is bluish hackled silk. The natural habitat of the Violin Spider includes the underside of fallen wood and logs, and they are very commonly found in caves all over South Africa.

Mating in this species occurs from February to September, and females lay their eggs in flattened egg sacs that are attached to the underside of objects. Up to 40 spiderlings may hatch from a single egg sac and a single female may produce up to five egg sacs in a summer. Females of the Violin Spider can live up to four years, males less. —