Apr 11

Cheiracanthium Inclusum – also known as The Yellow Sac Spider

cheiracanthium-inclusum-e28093-also-known-as-the-yellow-sac-spiderIntroduction

The yellow sack spider with the Latin name Cheiracanthium inclusum is very common in most of the United States. The yellow sack spider is a cause of many bites in the US and a lot of house spiders are crushed on suspicion of being yellow sac spiders. Its bite corresponds to a bite from a wasp. Continue Reading »

Apr 11

Sicarius Hahni – also known as Six Eyed Sand Spider

sicarius-hahni-e28093-also-known-as-six-eyed-sand-spiderThe Six Eyed Sand Spider (Sicarius hahni) is a medium-sized spider found in deserts and other sandy places in southern Africa. It is a member of the Sicariidae family and close relatives of this spider are sometimes found in both Africa and in South America. Its nearest relatives are the Recluse spiders (Loxosceles) which are found worldwide. Continue Reading »

Mar 21

Funnel-web Spiders – Dangerous and Not

Hadronyche versutaFunnel-web spiders, the most notorious members of our spider fauna, are found in eastern Australia.

There are at least 40 species of funnel-web spiders and they are currently placed in two genera: Hadronyche and Atrax. They are medium to large spiders, varying from 1 cm - 5 cm body length. Males are more lightly built than females. Body colour can vary from black to brown but the hard carapace covering the front part of the body is always sparsely haired and glossy. Continue Reading »

Mar 21

Latrodectus – Also Known As Widow Spiders

latrodectus-e28093-also-known-as-widow-spidersIntroduction

Widow spiders (genus Latrodectus) are widely feared but poorly known. They are a medically important group with a worldwide distribution. Most species favor xeric conditions. Some species adapt well to synanthropic (human-altered) conditions and are readily dispersed by humans (Forster, 1984; 1985; Forster and Forster, 1999; Garb et al., 2004; Ono, 1995; Ori et al., 1996). Continue Reading »

Mar 21

The Six-Eyed Violin Spiders

the-six-eyed-violin-spidersViolin Spiders, Loxosceles sp, are normally brown to reddish brown in colour with dark markings on their bodies, and a characteristic violin-shaped marking on the cephalthorax, although this violin shaped marking is not as distinct on our South African species. A second identifying characteristic of the Violin Spider is the presence of only three pairs of eyes, whereas most spiders have four pairs of eyes. Continue Reading »

Mar 21

Scolopendra – Biggest and Most Dangerous of the Centripedes

scolopendra-e28093-biggest-and-most-dangerousThe genus Scolopendra contains the largest and most dangerous of the centipedes. Only small species are present in the colder parts of their range but in the tropics, where they can be quite common, many Scolopendra species reach lengths of well over a foot. Continue Reading »

Mar 21

The Bombardier Beetle – Bug with Complicated Defense Mechanism

the-bombardier-beetle-e28093-bug-with-complicated-defense-mechanismThe tiny bombardier beetle could not possibly have evolved. His defence mechanism is amazingly complicated, and could only have been created with all the parts working together perfectly. From twin ‘exhaust tubes’ at his tail, this beetle fires into the face of his enemies boiling-hot noxious gases with a loud pop. Continue Reading »

Mar 21

Spanish fly, Blister bee – the Poisonous European Beetle

spanish-fly-blister-bee-e28093-the-poisonous-european-beetleThis is a green 11-21mm long European beetle with an unpleasant smell. It feeds on tree leaves; the larvae grow in the wasps’ nests.

When the Spanish fly feels in danger, it secrets a kind of buttery liquid which causes reddening and rush on the skin. Continue Reading »

Mar 21

Stingray – Insect with a Poisonous Barb

stingray-e28093-insect-with-a-poisonous-barbDasyatidae

The stingray’s tail features a poisonous barb, which is used only in self-defense. Stingrays are generally docile and will swim close to divers and snorkelers without fear. Continue Reading »

Mar 21

Giant Sea Scorpion Living in Madagascar

giant-sea-scorpion-living-in-madagascarGiant Sea Scorpion. 15-inch, Madagascar - About 400 million years ago, deadly giant scorpions ruled the sea of the world. Some of them are bigger than 6-feet. Today, its close relative is only 15-inches long. The breeding program of this extremely rare sea animal has been undertaken by the New York Aquarium. Continue Reading »

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