Archive for the 'Underwater World' Category

Giant Sand Stargazer – the Lie-in-Wait Predators

giant-sand-stargazer-e28093-the-lie-in-wait-predatorsMiraestrella de Arena Gigante, Miracielo de Arena Gigante

The Giant Sand Stargazer body has a uniform, tan, freckled pattern without defined bars or blotches. The Giant Sand Stargazer is white below, and the underside of the head is silvery. It is characterized by a large head, bluntly rounded head profile, and oblique, short lower jaw. The body tapers to the tail. The anal and dorsal fins are long and continuous with the origin of the dorsal behind the origin of the anal fin. Continue Reading »

Ocean Sunfish Also Known As Mola Mola

ocean-sunfish-also-known-as-mola-molaThe ocean sunfish (Mola mola) is the world’s largest known bony fish (sharks and rays are cartilaginous, not bony). At least one estimate over 3000 lb. has been recorded and individuals reaching 11 ft. (3 m.) from fin tip to fin tip have been seen. It is found in all oceans in tropical and temperate climes, and is known to eat gelatinous zooplankton (jellyfish) and probably small fishes and algae. In the eastern Pacific, Mola mola is normally found from British Columbia to South America, although in El Nino events it has been recorded as far north as Alaska. Continue Reading »

The Big-Head Common Sea Robin

the-big-head-common-sea-robinThe large head, tapering body, and fanlike pectoral fins of the sea robin somewhat suggest a sculpin. But the robin is distinguished from all the sculpins by the incasement of its entire head in bony plates; by its smaller mouth; by the flat depressed dorsal profile of its snout; by its large ventral fins; and by the fact that the three lower rays of each of its pectoral fins are separate from the rest of the fin and modified into three independent feelers with slightly dilated tips, a very noticeable and distinctive feature. Continue Reading »

Cone shell – Marine Snails with Unique Venom


“For centuries members of the Conidae family have been collected for their unique and intricately designed shells. Only during the last few decades have cone shells become an exciting area for scientific research.” Continue Reading »

Cetorhinus Maximus – aka Basking Shark

cetorhinus-maximus-e28093-aka-basking-sharkThe basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus) is a huge filter feeding shark which grows to be up to about 33 feet (10 m) long. It is the second-largest shark (after the whale shark). The basking shark is also called the sunfish, the bone shark, the elephant shark, the sailfish shark, and the big mouth shark. Continue Reading »

The Amazing Strawberry Crab Found Off Taiwan

the-amazing-strawberry-crab-found-off-taiwanA marine biologist has discovered a startling new crab species that resembles a large strawberry.

The unusual crustacean was found off the coast of southern Taiwan. It has a dramatic bright red shell covered with small white bumps. Continue Reading »

Deep Blue Chromis – the Deep See Inhabitants

deep-blue-chromis-e28093-the-deep-see-inhabitantsFive new species of the damselfish genus Chromis (Perciformes: Labroidei: Pomacentridae) are described from specimens collected from deep (>60 m) coral-reef habitat in the western Pacific by divers using mixed-gas closed-circuit rebreather gear. Continue Reading »

Siphonophores – Odd Marine Inhabitants

siphonophores-e28093-odd-marine-inhabitantsPortuguese Man o’ War, Physalia physalis

(Cystonectae: Physaliidae)

Scientific classification Continue Reading »

Leptobarbus rubripinna – Also Known As the Red-finned Cigar Shark


Widely-distributed in the Chao Phraya and middle/lower Mekong river systems in Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. Fish from Peninsular Malaysia and the Greater Sunda Islands of Sumatra and Borneo are now known to represent L. hoevenii, not a species seen in the aquatic trade as far as we know (see ‘notes’). Continue Reading »

Regalecus glesne – Also Known As Oarfish

regalecus-glesne-e28093-also-known-as-oarfishThe strange-looking oarfish is the longest bony fish in the sea. Known scientifically as Regalecus glesne, it is a member of the Regalecidae family of fishes. The name Regalecidae is derived from the latin word regalis, meaning “royal”. The origin of the oarfish name is unknown, but may refer to the oar-shaped body or the long, oar-like pelvic fins. Because of its long, thin shape, the oarfish fish is sometimes known as the ribbonfish. It is also commonly referred to as the king of herrings. Continue Reading »

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